Top 10 Smallest Countries in Africa

Let’s meet the smallest countries in Africa.

1. Seychelles

The Republic of Seychelles, encompassing of an archipelago of 115 islands, is the smallest nation with only 459 square kilometers area.  Moreover, they have the most amazing GDP per capital in Africa but still have a significant number of poor people in terms of high-income disparity. Also, around 30% of their population is working in the tourism industry since the country depends largely on it.

2. Sao Tome and Principe

Being only 964 square kilometers makes Sao Tome and Principe the second smallest in Africa.  Of the 190,000 residents, the larger part of them lives in Sao Tome.  To note down, its people are mainly of African and mestiço lineage, with most practicing Roman Catholicism. Furthermore, São Tomé and Príncipe is the smallest Portuguese-speaking nation in the world.

3. Comoros

The Comoros is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean sandwiched between Mozambique and Madagascar with an area of 2034 square kilometers. With around 800,000 populaces, it is considered one of the poorest countries in Africa.

4. Mauritius

The island country, Mauritius, is only 2040 square kilometers in area. Mauritius is usually known as the only recognized home of the dodo, which, together with many other avian species, became extinct due to human activities after the island’s settlement. Mauritius is the one and only country in Africa where Hinduism is the biggest religion. Moreover, it is celebrated for its diverse wildlife.

5. Cape Verde

This island country, spanning an archipelago of ten volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean, is only 4033 square kilometers. Moreover, it has a population of 525000 people with a stable and developing economy, although they lack in natural resources. According to the President of Nauru, Cape Verde has been positioned the eighth most endangered nation because of flooding from climate change.

Travel mockup

6. Gambia

Gambia of only 10,689 square kilometers is a country in West Africa and is considered as the smallest mainland in Africa. Its capital is Banjul whereas the largest cities are Brikama and Serekunda. Moreover, Gambia’s economy is dominated by tourism, fishing and farming.

7. Swaziland

The sovereign state of Swaziland in Southern Africa is only 17,364 square kilometers but still, its climate and geography are miscellaneous, ranging from a hot and dry lowveld to cool and mountainous highveld. Other than being an absolute monarchy, its population is primarily ethnic Swazis whose language is Swati.

8. Djibouti

The 23200 kilometers square country Djibouti is situated in the Horn of Africa. It’s a multi-ethnic land with a population of over 846,687 natives. Moreover, tourism here is one of rising economic and is an industry that produces 53,000 and 63,000 arrivals each year, with its promising beaches and weather .

9. Rwanda

Being only 26,338 square kilometers, this sovereign state of Central and East Africa is one of the smallest countries on the mainland of Africa. Its geography emphasizes on mountains in the west and also savanna in the east along with multiple lakes throughout the country. Here, the population is predominantly rural and young while African music and dance are considered an important part of their culture.

10. Equatorial Guinea

With an area of 28,000 square kilometers, Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest countries in Africa. It consists of two parts which are the mainland region and an insular. Moreover, it is the only sovereign African state where Spanish is the official language. This country of 1,222,245 inhabitants is also one of the biggest sub-Saharan African oil producers and is the richest country per capita in the African continent.

Welcome to Africa. Happy Traveling!

Posted by

I am Marie-Noëlle Anaëlla, a Globetrotter and Travel Writer from the Netherlands, currently residing in Paris. I describe myself as a Third Culture Kid (TCK) and see the world as my home, having been born in the African country of Gabon and spending my early years in several diverse countries around the world. Living in places like Cameroon, Japan, China, India, Ireland, the United States and much more, has meant that it has become difficult for me to adequately describe where I am from to the people I meet. As a result, I am now simply calling myself a citizen of the world, coming from here, coming from there and coming from everywhere. Having caught the travel bug at a very young age, I have since made it my life and have now either lived in or visited more than 140 countries across 7 continents. Not traveling, for me, would be like staring at empty pages in a book, too afraid to open myself up to the world and see its beauty. This traveling life has now seen me take up a career in travel writing about my experiences and why it is so important. I spend much of my time encouraging others to travel, inspiring them to seek greatness and turn negative experiences into something positive. When I am not busy traveling around the world or writing about it, I practice Tai-Chi and meditation, treat my body with the utmost respect and loves a cup of English tea. What else do you want to know? :) Happy Traveling!

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